Worker in production

Future proof business

Use of materials

We handled in total 719,000 tonnes of direct materials during 2018 to produce more than 500,000 tonnes of products and 155,000 tonnes of process side-stream materials. Our largest raw materials are non-renewable in the sense that they are extracted from the earth’s crust. These materials are mainly iron ore, limestone and fossil process coal or coke.

An initiative is ongoing to replace fossil process coal with renewable alternatives.

Read more about the project


Metals can be recycled innumerous times, and approximately 50 percent of our raw materials base consists of secondary, or recycled materials. Our largest material type by weight is iron-based scrap, which amounted to more than 350,000 purchased tonnes in 2018. Iron based scrap together with other secondary materials represented 29 percent of total purchased materials. Secondary materials include both pre- and post-consumer scrap.

The packaging material amounted to 2,340 tonnes, of which 7 percent was renewable material.

Raw materials, tonnes 2018 2017
Secondary materials, metal scrap 360,850 360,260
Ferrous and ferroalloys 248,470 215,510
Graphites, coke and anthracites 57,650 55,530
Slagforming agents and minerals 36,210 32,480
Non Ferrous metals 12,600 13,690
Organic 3,680 4,920
Total 719,460 682,390
Packaging materials, tonnes 2018
Cardboard & Paper 170
Metal & Fiber 220
Plastic 1,950
Total 2,340


How efficiently we use materials is key to our profitability. Read more about our resource efficiency here.


Direct materials

Packaging materials

Material flow