Material use and circularity

Material use is one of our focus areas at Höganäs for several reasons beyond resource efficiency. What type of material we use, affects our carbon dioxide emissions, our environmental footprint from our production processes and the life-cycle footprint of our products.

In 2019 we handled a total of 611,000 (719,000) tonnes of direct materials to produce around 500,000 tonnes of products and 46,000 (59,000) tonnes of side stream products. Our largest raw material volumes are non-renewable in the sense that they are extracted from the earth’s crust. These materials are mainly iron ore, limestone and fossil process coal or coke.

We also buy non-ferrous metals like copper, chrome, nickel, molybdenum, tungsten, manganese and cobalt. A significant part of non-ferrous metals are secondary materials.

Material flow and efficiency

Approximately 50 per cent of our raw materials base consists of secondary, or recycled materials. Secondary ­materials include both pre- and post-consumer scrap. Our largest secondary material type by weight is iron-based scrap, which amounted to more than 290,000 (350,000) purchased tonnes in 2019. Our ambition is to increase the percentage of secondary materials.

The packaging material amounted to 2,160 (2,340) tonnes, of which 6 (7) per cent was renewable material. In some cases, non-renewable materials, like plastics, can be a more sustainable alternative as it has a longer life-span and is fully recyclable.

Raw materials, tonnes 2019 2018 2017
Secondary materials, metal scrap 294,100 360,900 360,300
Ferrous and ferroalloys 221,600 248,500 215,500
Graphites, coke and anthracites 53,100 57,700 55,500
Slagforming agents and minerals 28,800 36,200 32,500
Non Ferrous metals 10,800 12,600 13,700
Organic 3,100 3,700 4,900
Total 611,500 719,600 682,400
Packaging materials, tonnes 2019 2018
Cardboard and paper 130 170
Metal and fiber 190 220
Plastic 1,840 1,950
Total 2,160 2,340

80 %
of all process residuals are put to use